Female Urology Conditions and How Urologist Treat Them
Female urology, a medical term in the science of identifying and urinary tract disorders in females. Urinary and kidney problems are common in female as the urinary tract is much closer to the genital area than in men. Pregnancy, childbirth and sexual intercourse can also play a part in urological conditions. The doctor will perform a physical examination, along as well as Urodynamics (bladder function tests), imaging tests (CT scan or MRI), and cystoscopy if required and medical history of the patient. We provide a comprehensive evaluation and treatment options for female urology disorders.
Urinary conditions and treatments in women
- Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI): Bacterial infections in the urinary tract causing painful and frequent urination, blood in urine, cramps and nausea. One in five women develops a UTI during lifetime and women are 10 times more likely to have UTI than men.
- Urinary incontinence: The involuntary loss of bladder control leading to leakage of urine. It happens with activities like laughing, sneezing or coughing. There is urinary incontinence of urge, mixed, overflow, functional or reflex. It occurs in females twice than males, due to the structure of female urinary tract and their experiences of childbirth and menopause. Treatments available include dietary changes, scheduled voiding, bladder retraining, pelvic muscle exercises, biofeedback, electrical stimulation therapy, medications, collagen implants and minimally invasive surgery.
- Urinary fistula: The uncommon connection among organs like kidney, bladder, urethra, intestine and vagina, resulting in the leakage of urine and faeces from the vagina. Treatment follow-ups with a minor surgery where the damaged part of the bladder and other organs are replaced by healthy tissues.
- Pelvic organ prolapses: When muscles, skin, ligaments and other supporting structures surrounding the vagina weaken for some reason in females, causing pelvic organs like a bladder to fall out if their
position. Treatment involves strengthening exercises of pelvic floor muscles and mechanical treatments like the insertion of the small plastic device above the vagina to support the dropping organs
- Voiding dysfunction: Main symptoms of voiding dysfunction are changed in urinary frequency to higher urinary frequency, urgency and pain; the treatment planned is accordingly to eliminate the symptoms.
- Intestinal cystitis: Intestinal cystitis is a chronic condition of bladder pressure, causing pain in the pelvis. Intestinal cystitis can be found in people of every age, the reason is not very clear, but its symptoms do include urinary urgency, more frequency of urination and nocturia. The treatment of intestinal cystitis is very effective.